A dedicated server is a single computer on
a web-hosting network that is leased or rented, and
dedicated to just one customer. A service provider monitors
the computer’s hardware, network connectivity,
and routing equipment, while the customer generally
controls and maintains the server software. Dedicated
servers are most often used by those who’ve outgrown
typical hosting accounts and now require massive amounts
of data space and bandwidth, those with mission critical
web sites, web hosting companies, or those who have
special needs. Dedicated servers are housed in data
centers, where service providers can monitor them close-up
and have hands-on access to them.
The primary advantage of using a dedicated
server over a typical shared hosting account is the
sheer amount of resources and control available to you,
the customer. In many cases, the client is at liberty
to install whatever software they desire, giving them
greater flexibility and administrative options. Dedicated
server clients do not share resources, as those with
shared hosting plans do; but rather, are at liberty
to use all the resources available to them.
Managed Servers vs. Unmanaged
There are two types of dedicated servers
available today: Managed Dedicated Servers
and Unmanaged Dedicated Servers.
An Unmanaged Dedicated Server
leaves nearly all the management duties of running a
server in the purchaser’s control. The customer
in this case, updates software on their own, applies
necessary patches, performs kernel compiles and operating
system restores, installs software, and monitors security.
With this type of dedicated server, the consumer is
solely responsible for day-to-day operations and maintenance.
The service provider, in turn, monitors the network,
repairs hardware problems, and troubleshoots connectivity
issues. Additionally, some service providers offer partial
management of services, such as network monitoring,
software upgrades and other services, but leave the
general upkeep of the server in the hands of the client.
An unmanaged dedicated server is best for someone with
server management experience.
A Managed Dedicated Server
is generally more proactively monitored and maintained
on the part of the service provider. When renting or
leasing a managed server, the service provider or host
carries out the responsibility of software updates and
patches, putting security measures in place, performing
hardware replacements, and also monitoring the network
and its connection for trouble. In other words, when
utilizing a managed dedicated server, the host provider
will perform both hardware and software operations.
A managed dedication server solution works well for
the customer with limited server management experience
or limited time in being able to perform the duties
necessary to keep a server running and online.
Technical Aspects In Choosing
When choosing a dedicated server, there
are several things to consider: Operating System,
Hardware options, Space and bandwidth.
The Operating System of a server is similar
to that on your own personal computer; once installed,
the operating system enables one to perform tasks more
simply. There are a bevy of server operating systems
available today including Linux-based and Windows-based
software. The operating system you choose should be
directly relational to what operations your server will
be performing, which types of software you’ll
need to install and also, what you’re more comfortable
Hardware Options are also something to
consider when choosing a dedicated server. You’ll
need to pick a processor that’s up to the task,
the amount of memory you wish installed, firewall options,
and the size of the hard drive.
A certain amount of bandwidth is generally
included when renting or leasing a dedicated server.
Once you ascertained how much bandwidth you will require,
you can adjust that limit with your service provider.
The space you’ll be given is generally directly
relational to the size of your hard drive. Some hosts
also give clients the choice of uplink port speed (usually
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